Bill Clinton holds the record for the longest State of the Union address, his last in , at 1 hour, 29 minutes, according to the American Presidency Project at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He also made the second longest, in , at 1 hour, 25 minutes. The shortest since was Richard Nixon's in , at just under 29 minutes, according to the project. Members of Congress, of course, and Supreme Court justices, if they choose to.
The president may also issue special invitations, a practice that began with Ronald Reagan in This year, two Democratic members of Congress will be bringing undocumented individuals to the address. Bonnie Watson Coleman, D-N. Grace Meng D-N. Other guests will include the wife of a California man detained in Vietnam since July , who will be accompanied by Rep.
Katie Porter, D-Calif. The former governor of Florida, Sen. Rick Scott, is reported to be bringing the father of a student who was killed in the school shooting in Parkland - in an attempt to address the issue of gun violence in the U. On Monday, at least four Democratic members of Congress announced they will be bringing transgender service members or veterans to draw attention to president's transgender military ban.
New York Times columnist Russell Baker called this one of Johnson's "worst mistakes" inflicting a hardship on the public.
This also marked the start of of instantaneous television commentary following the speech. The following year, , began the practice of opposition party responses to the Address. Ford held a joint news conference 15 minutes after the end of the President's address. But the main GOP rebuttal was not until five days later in a thirty-minute video-taped telecast carried at different times by the main TV networks. ABC explained the decision as one of granting equal time. The five most recent presidents Reagan, Bush, Clinton, G. Bush, and Obama addressed a joint session of Congress shortly after their inaugurations but these messages are technically not considered to be "State of the Union" addresses.
The impact of such a speech on public, media, and congressional perceptions of presidential leadership and power should be the same as if the address was an official State of the Union.
These speeches are included in the table below with an asterisk. The State of the Union is delivered near the beginning of each session of Congress. Before this meant the State of the Union was delivered usually in December. Since , the State of the Union has been delivered near the beginning each year, with some presidents delivering a final message at the end of their last term Truman, Eisenhower, Johnson, Ford, and Carter. The table below reflects each message's placement in the President's term. President George W.
Bush delivered his last State of the Union Address on January 28, Presidents have the right to deliver either a written or spoken State of the Union in the days immediately before leaving office in January. However, recent Presidents Reagan, George H. Bush, Clinton, George W. Bush and Obama have chosen not to do so. In , in the midst of a government shutdown related to conflicts about how to adequately secure the Southern border, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi withdrew an invitation previously extended for a State of the Union Address tentatively scheduled for January 29, At that point, Speaker Pelosi had not yet asked for a vote on a Concurrent Resolution necessary to schedule a Joint Session of Congress.
After President Trump agreed to a temporary reopening of the government, an invitation was extended to address a Joint Session on February 5, Is this a new front in institutional conflict between President and Congress, or just a passing moment in a particularly conflictual Presidency? He did not deliver a speech before a joint session of Congress.
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